Video and vlog

Lesson goals and objectives

In this lesson you will learn:

  • The different types of video used in education
  • How to use the different forms of video in education
  • How you can make a vlog
  • What materials you need to make a vlog

Video and vlog

The term ‘video’ doesn’t really need an explanation. However, there are different kinds of videos that can enrich learning environments. We will discuss the following types of video:

Video typeDescription
Existing (youtube) videoWhy make it difficult, when it can be done easily? Platforms like Youtube offer an enormous amount of educational videos. The only challenge is picking the right one (the quality varies) and distributing them to your students (see ‘how to distribute’).
VlogA video blog or video log, often shortened to ‘vlog’ is a type of blog for which the medium is video. They can be recorded in one take or cut into multiple parts. 
ScreencastA screencast is a video recording of your computer screen, preferably supported by voice.  
Weblectureweb lecture is a recording of a presentation, a lesson, or workshop that can be shared with students.   The recording can be made in a studio or from behind your computer.
Lecture captureRecording classroom lectures as videos, and making them available for students to view after the class. It’s different from a weblecture because it is not primarily intended to be an educational video. 

An educational video is of a major value for students when made by the teacher him/herself.

  • How to use a video in education?

Videos can be used throughout the whole learning process, but some types are more suitable than others, depending on students’ stage within the learning process.

Below is described how to use the different types of videos.

Video typeHow to use
Existing (youtube) videoWith the right material you can enthuse students, get students interested on the topic, or transfer specific knowledge. You can also let students obtain knowledge at home before the lesson, to have more time for helping and coaching during the lesson. This is called ‘flipping the classroom’.
VlogA vlog is spontaneous, personal and can increase student commitment. A vlog can be appealing because of the mix of information and humour. A vlog can be used to transfer small pieces of information or to give an assignment combined with a personal touch.
ScreencastA screencast is primarily used to transfer knowledge. When explaining the same subject over and over again, recording a presentation/screencast would be a good idea. Another advantage is than students can repeatedly watch the video at their own time and pace.
WeblectureA weblecture is a recorded lesson intended for online watching.
Lecture captureRegular lectures can be filmed and made available online. For students who missed the lecture or who would like to repeat it.  
  • How to make a video/vlog

When making a video, make sure to follow a few simple rules:

  • Start by making a script
  • Sound is as important as image, make sure you record in a quiet place and use a good microphone.
  • Make sure there is enough light, by using a lamp or sitting/standing in front of a window (facing the window off course).
  • Short breaks foster remembering the material. 
  • When vlogging, keep the camera at eye level.
  • End with a summary

Screencast o matic/OBS

Video typeHow to make
Existing (youtube) videoWhen you have found the right video out of all there is to find, you just need to copy the link of the web address and give it to your students (that can by done in a chat, mail or in an online learning environment (ELO)) or show the video in the classroom.
VlogA vlog doesn’t have to be very professional. The charm of a vlog is to make it personal to appeal to the viewer.   In a vlog you directly address the viewer, by looking into the camera (possibly cycling, jogging or cooking) which you hold yourself.
ScreencastFirst choose which screen recording software you want to use. There are different ways/programmes to make a screencast.   When you have chosen a suitable tool, make a script to prevent hiccups when recording. The most programs offer the possibility to also record your webcam, to make your screencast more personal.   The third step is recording your screen. The narration can be done at the same time or added later (if you have got the right software to do that)   When you’re done and satisfied with the result: Save the recording and share with your audience.  
WeblectureA weblecture can be made in a greenroom with professional equipment, with just a camera and microphone or even with a laptop with webcam.   One of the easiest ways to make a weblecture is to Record a (PowerPoint) presentation.   In all of these situations start by making a script and decide what kind of hardware and software you want to use.   When you have done that you can start recording. Try to not make the video to long. The maximum length of a video depends on the subject and target audience. When doubting about the length consider to break the video apart into several short videos.   When you’re done and satisfied with the result: Save the recording and share with your audience  
Lecture captureFilming and recording a lecture. A good preparation and sound are very important. Because of the long duration, this type of video is mainly suitable for re-watching and for students who were absent during the actual lecture.

If the video is a structural part of the lesson, it is recommended to edit the video. Normally, interaction is a valuable part of live lessons. However, this doesn’t always have added value for the lecture capture. And the interaction/conversation is not always audible in the video. The video can also be unnecessarily long and less pleasant to watch. Editing offers the possibility to cut out non-essential parts.
  • What do you need to make a video/vlog
Video typeWhat do you need
Existing (youtube) videoHardware: Laptop or PC whit internet acces.Software: Internet browser
VlogHardware: Vlogcamera, smartphone or camSoftware: (Editing software)
ScreencastHardware: PC/Laptop, microphone  Software: Recording software (Editing software)  
WeblectureHardware: PC/laptop Camera, microphoneSoftware: Recording software (Editing software)
Lecture captureHardware: Camera, microphone connected to a computerSoftware: Editing software
  • How to distribute your video/vlog. 
When you have got your video ready you probably  want to share it with your students.   There are different ways to do that, but it is advisable to upload your video to a platform and use a (hyper)link to show your students the way to it.   That can be done by uploading the video to a streaming platform (MS stream or youtube) or to an online learning environment.  

When making a script it is possible to use a format like the one below.